Arquitectura Viva
Tuesday, April 24, 2018
NL 2000

AV Monografías 73

NL 2000

IX-X 1998

NL 2000

Luis Fernández-Galiano
Elogio de la locura
In Praise of Folly


La gran tradición holandesa
The Dutch High Tradition

Wouter Vanstiphout
La modernidad moral holandesa  Dutch Moral Modernism
Peter Buchanan
Rotterdam y Rem  Rotterdam and Rem
Kenneth Frampton
OMA, el legado de Leonidov  OMA, the Legacy of Leonidov
Rem Koolhaas
Crítica criticada  Doubletake? Review Reviewed
Hans van Dijk
La promoción joven  The Young Ones
Michael Speaks
Gran naranja blanda  Big Soft Orange


De Amsterdam a Rotterdam
From Amsterdam to Rotterdam

Wiel Arets: Una austeridad retórica  A Rhetorical Austerity
Comisarías de policía, Cuijk y Boxtel  Police Stations, Cuijk and Boxtel
Viviendas PWS, Rotterdam  PWS Housing, Rotterdam
Teatro, escuela de danza y música, Almere  Theatre, Dance and Music School, Almere

Claus & Kaan: Riguroso realismo  Rigorous Realism
Residencia de estudiantes, Enschede  Student Residence, Enschede
Viviendas para mayores, Groningen  Dwellings for Elderly People, Groningen
Viviendas 'Peón', Amsterdam  'Pawn' Dwellings, Amsterdam

Van Berkel & Bos: El músculo formal  The Formal Muscle
Túnel Piet Hein, Amsterdam  Piet Hein Tunnel, Amsterdam
Puente y puesto de control, Purmerend  Bridge and Bridgemaster's House, Purmerend
Intercambiador de transportes, Arnhem  Transport Interchange, Arnhem

Bosch Haslett: Profesión pragmática  Pragmatic Profession
Residencia Ronald McDonald, Utrecht  Ronald McDonald House, Utrecht
Edificio urbano, Rotterdam  City Building, Rotterdam
Estación de bombeo, Leidsche Rijn  Pumping Station, Leidsche Rijn

Neutelings & Riedijk: Matemática escultórica  Sculptural Mathematics
Edificio Minnaert, Utrecht  Minnaert Building, Utrecht
Imprenta Veenman, Ede  Veenman Printer's, Ede
Torres: Amsterdam, La Haya, Rotterdam  Towers: Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam

Adriaan Geuze / West 8: Urbanidad y paisaje  Urbanity and Landscape
Jardín Interpolis, Tilburg  Interpolis Garden, Tilburg
Plaza Carrasco, Amsterdam  Carrasco Square, Amsterdam
Espacios públicos, Aeropuerto de Schiphol  Landscaping, Schiphol Airport

MVRDV: La tradición de lo nuevo  The Tradition of the New
Edificio RVU, Hilversum  RVU Building, Hilversum
Casas de campo, Waddinxveen  Country Estates, Waddinxveen
'Stack Attack', Leidsche Rijn  'Stack Attack', Leidsche Rijn

NOX: El futuro interactivo  The Interactive Future
Pabellón H2O, Neeltje Jans  H2O Pavilion, Neeltje Jans
'Beachness', Noordwijk  'Beachness', Noordwijk
'Off the Road', Eindhoven  'Off the Road', Eindhoven

In Praise of Folly

 

The flat Netherlands have reached a peak. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, a sister company of The Economist which rates the business environment of countries, the Netherlands today are at the top of the list. In this league table, which uses indicators like market potential, tax and labour-market policies, infrastructure skills and political background, the most privileged places tend to be occupied by Anglosaxon or Scandinavian countries, along side the Asian city-states, Singapore and Hong Kong. In fact, the latter headed this capitalist rank for several years, but the return of the British colony to China caused her to slump down to the temperate positions of the Latin countries, and the Dutch capitalised on the situation to place themselves firmly at the peak of economic arcadia. In the next five years, there will not be a better place in the world to do business.

The business-friendly economy of this country, the most horizontal, the most artificial and the most densely populated on the European continent is not a metaphor for the inventive versatility of its latest architecture, but rather the physical and institutional support on which the landscape of Holland is built. The exceptionally dynamic economy and building industry is accompanied by a deregulation of both business and territory. And it is in this yet undefined ‘new frontier’ where the most innovative proposals of the young Dutch architects are being made. Many of them exhibit an extreme pragmatism, to the point of reproach from the generations who understood modernity as an ethical committment; but others push the opportunistic adaptation to such surreal limits that their projects become a cynical satire of the contemporary world.

In his Stultitiae Laus, Erasmus of Rotterdam mocked “those who were anxious to build houses, suddenly changing the round to the square, and the square to the round.” Five centuries later, the architects from his native city – who have overtaken the more cautious in Amsterdam in the struggle for the intellectual leadership of the Netherlands – preach the gospel of congestion to critical acclaim, subverting convictions and traditional approaches to enthusiastically advocate ‘bigness’ and high density. From OMA’s SMLXL to MVRDV’s FARMAX, and from Rem Koolhaas’s ‘paranoid-critical’ juxtapositions to the surreal superpositions of his disciple Winy Maas, the doctrine of the cadavres exquis of Rotterdam – that swings between the ironic elegance of West 8 to the mediatic hallucinations of NOX – deserve another Erasmus to compose a new Stultitiae Laus dedicated to those that the humanist called wise fools.

The leader of the wise fools, the brilliant and unpredictable Koolhaas, has put his talent as scriptwriter at the service of Edgar Bronfman, the heir to the drinks empire Seagram, who acquired Universal Studios and decided to emulate his aunt Phyllis Lambert’s patronage of Mies van der Rohe. As in the cases of Disney, Time Warner and Paramount, the giants of communication put together film production, television channels and theme parks to benefit from the synergy created by their symbiotic relationships. It is difficult to know how to define the territory of architecture in the vast panoramas of entertaiment, but there is no doubt that the genius of Koolhaas will be able to find, within the Hollywood dream factory, the virtual universe that the inflexible physical reality does not always allow. The DreamWorks army of animators have created in Antz a Piranesian anthill, midway between Fritz Lang and Gaudí, that supplies an allegorical image for the congestion, scale and density which the Dutch are now exploring; and it is possible that the hyperbolical future of the capitalist supermodernity will be found precisely in this architectures of digital leisure.

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