Arquitectura Viva
Monday, January 22, 2018
LA BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL

Arquitectura Viva 135

LA BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL

Synopses

The Digital Library. The library has been to books what writing was to memory: the guarantor and custodian of knowledge. Today, however, the book has changed and no longer hopes to remain in libraries, but to unravel its contents in the web. The digitalization of the world seems to be, finally, a reality. Knowledge loses body, ceases to be material and all the modern cultural tradition, which has developed from the manipulation of printed matter, is transformed. This context gives rise to a new phenomenology of reading, which is awarded the task of rethinking the traditional space of libraries.

Contents

Werner Oechslin
Bibliotecas y principios
María Luisa López-Vidriero
La soledad de la lectura
Robert Darnton
Digitalizar es democratizar
Richard Ingersoll
Los espacios de Babel.
Bibliotecas, 2000-2010

Tema de portada 

Spaces without Content. If electronic editions and the growing dissemination of knowledge through digital media threaten to turn printed books into collectors’ items, one would think that the conventional space of libraries – organized from and for books – also runs the risk of become extinct. Nevertheless, although the traditional functions of storage tend to disappear, other dimensions of their use – social and representative – continue to enjoy good health. Changes, on the other hand, have not been intense enough so as to alter the typological and aesthetic conception of libraries. Six examples – two very different ones in Spain, a compact Berlinese couple and a minimalist Japanese duo – take stock of this still unconcluded transformation process that contemporary libraries are currently undergoing.

Arquitectura 

Peter Eisenman
Library and Archive of Galicia
Carlos Ferrater
Library in Villarreal
Max Dudler
Humboldt Library, Berlin
Bruno Fioretti Márquez
Biblioteca en Köpenick, Berlín
Toyo Ito
Library in Tama, Tokyo
Sou Fujimoto
Library in Kodaira, Tokyo

Views and Reviews

Extreme Centenials . A hundred years have passed since the birth of two very different figures of 20th century architecture: John Lautner, master of structural aesthetics, and Ludovico Quaroni, theoritician of urban utopias. .

Art / Culture

Frank Escher
Structural Games
Pier Vittorio Aureli
Frustrated Ideals

Passages and Collections. Two simultaneous Madrid exhibitions – one at the Círculo de Bellas Artes on Walter Benjamin and another at the MNCARS inspired in Aby Warburg – permit comparing and updating both oeuvres.
Eduardo Prieto
Modern Constellations
Simón Marchán
Contemporary Atlas
Postmodernity Revised. Two books update the postmodern movement; Francisco Javier San Martín reviews El sistema del arte en España, the last book by Juan Antonio Ramírez; besides, texts on landscaping and books received.
Fochos Cartoon
The Magic Mountain
Various Authors
Books
Recent Projects

Stopover in Canada . Contemporary Canadian architecture rathers departing from the happy medium and approaches the extremes, be it in the large scale of hybrid multifunctional buildings, or in the small scale of humble pavilions that dialogue with an almost virgin natural environment. A critical introductory text analyzes this specific context; three significant works illustrate it.

Technique / Style

Aidhos/IP Asociados/C3
Hotel AC Córdoba Palacio
Batlle & Roig
Telefónica Residence, Barcelona
Ferrater & Trias de Bes
Mandarin Hotel, Barcelona

To close, the recent dramatic events in Japan – a geological earthquake – and in the Arab countries – a political earthquake – are the guiding thread of an article in which Luis Fernández-Galiano speaks about the fragility of our material and social architectures, evidencing, however, how both crises can creatively suggest other more sustainable models of growth.
Products
Pavements
English Summary
The Digital Library
Luis Fernández-Galiano
Dancing in Chains
Luis Fernández-Galiano

The Digital Library

AViva-134-lfg.jpg (10184 bytes)If a book is a machine for thinking, then libraries are thought factories. The tools of these intellectual industries, however, are undergoing a complete transformation in these days, and the digital book triggers the contemporary transition of libraries from architectural space to the computer node. The first revolution of writing, almost two thousand years ago, replaced the roll by the codex, and the extraordinary innovation of bound pages enabled a comfortable and fast access to the information enclosed between its covers; the second revolution, more than five hundred years ago, replaced the manuscript with printing, and mechanical reproduction led to a spectacular multiplication
of texts; the third, which we are now witnessing, has spurred a transition from printed matter to digital information, and with it a huge explosion
of availability and access.

From papyrus to parchment, from parchment to paper and from paper to bytes. Covering this route one soon sees that the last metamorphosis is rather different than the previous one, because when passing from the material universe of rolls, codices or books to the virtual world of networks the spatial needs of conventional libraries fade away. From the classical world to the 20th century, libraries have been at once deposits for manuscripts or printed matter and places in which to study them, but neither one nor the other seem essential nowadays: both storage areas and reading halls will be – most seem to think – progessively replaced by computer files and individual screens, thereby making specific buildings unncessary and rendering our beloved libraries superfluous architectures, built fossiles of an information age that is reaching its demise. Is that indeed their fate?

Even though the present troubles of booksellers and editors may describe a landscape of crisis, libraries still have justified hopes for survival, as evidenced by the adaptation of large institutions to the web’s demands – which they have managed to make compatible with their traditional functions –, as well as by the profusion and popularity of the smaller ones, transformed into social centers that, besides offering books, magazines or internet connection, provide comfortable and quiet premises for the young and the elderly. After all, human beings like getting together, and working from home cannot replace the interactive vitality of an office, nor can reading on lonely screens replace the casual contact in research centers, universities or libraries. Just like distance learning did not make classrooms disappear, the virtual library will not entail the final extinction of our resilient material library.

    

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