Arquitectura Viva
Tuesday, September 29, 2020

AV Monografías 75_76


I-IV 1999


Balance del año 
Summary of the Year  

Luis Fernández-Galiano 
Memorias y mudanzas 
Memories and Mutations 

Luis Fernández-Galiano 
Figuras de interior: la España del 98  
Interior Figures: the Spain of 98 
De Gaudí a Moneo: un siglo de España  
From Gaudí to Moneo: a Century of Spain

Luis Fernández-Galiano & Adela García-Herrera 
1998, una antología emergente 
1998, an Emergent Anthology 

Tradiciones renovadas 
Renovated Traditions 

Ampliación del Ayuntamiento, Murcia  Town Hall Extension, Murcia 
Rafael Moneo 
Ayuntamiento, Vilaseca (Tarragona)  Town Hall, Vilaseca (Tarragona) 
Josep Llinás 
Instituto Hispano-Luso, Zamora  Spanish-Portuguese Institute, Zamora 
Manuel de las Casas 
Centro cívico Montehermoso, Vitoria  Montehermoso Civic Center, Vitoria 
Roberto Ercilla, Miguel Ángel Campo & Juan Adrián Bueno 

Colectivo singular 
Singular Collective 

Biblioteca pública, Sevilla  Public Library, Seville 
Antonio Cruz & Antonio Ortiz 
Biblioteca del Nou Campus, Valencia  Nou Campus Library, Valencia 
Giorgio Grassi 
Palacio de congresos, Valencia  Convention Center, Valencia 
Norman Foster 
Auditorio y palacio de congresos, Bilbao  Auditorium and Convention Center, Bilbao 
Federico Soriano & Dolores Palacios 

Trazas universitarias 
University Outlines

Instituto de investigación, León  Research Institute, León 
Javier Fresneda & Javier Sanjuán 
Museo Universitario, Alicante  University Museum, Alicante 
Alfredo Payá 
Rectorado de la Universidad, Alicante  University Rector’s Office, Alicante 
Álvaro Siza 
Ampliación del Rectorado Universitario, Vigo  Extension to Rector’s Office, Vigo 
Fuensanta Nieto & Enrique Sobejano 

Tipos formativos 
Formative Types 

Guardería infantil, Sondica (Vizcaya)  Nursery School, Sondica (Vizcaya) 
Eduardo Arroyo 
Instituto de enseñanza media, Oliana (Lérida)  Secondary School, Oliana (Lérida) 
Ramón Fité & Julio Mejón 
Piscina cubierta, San Fernando (Madrid)  Indoor Swimming Pool, San Fernando (Madrid) 
Luis Moreno Mansilla & Emilio Tuñón 
Piscinas al aire libre, La Coruña  Outdoor Swimming Pools, La Coruña 
Carlos Quintáns, Antonio Raya & Cristóbal Crespo 

Transporte e industria 
Transport and Industry 

Estación de autobuses, Córdoba  Bus Station, Córdoba 
César Portela 
Estación intermodal, Bilbao  Inter-line Railway Station, Bilbao 
Gloria Iriarte, Eduardo Múgica & Agustín de la Brena 
Centro de servicios, Figueras (Gerona)  Infrastructural Services Center, Figueras (Gerona) 
Carlos Ferrater & Joan Guibernau 
Centro empresarial, Inca (Mallorca)  Business Center, Inca (Mallorca) 
Alberto Campo Baeza 


Viviendas, Rubí de Bracamonte (Valladolid)  Housing, Rubí de Bracamonte (Valladolid) 
Grijalba, Grijalba, Gil, Carazo & Ruiz 
Conjunto mixto, Barcelona  Mixed Development, Barcelona 
Jaume Bach & Gabriel Mora 
Bloque residencial, Santa Marta (Salamanca)  Residential Block, Santa Marta (Salamanca) 
Jesús Aparicio 
Apartamentos, Santa Cruz de Tenerife  Apartments, Santa Cruz de Tenerife 
Fernando Martín Menis 

Un año en el mundo 
A Year in the World 

Luis Fernández-Galiano 
El mundo de Truman 
Truman’s World

Luis Fernández-Galiano 
Doce meses y cuatro estaciones 
Twelve Months and Four Seasons  
El año en doce edificios 
The Year in Twelve Buildings

Adela García-Herrera 
Los premios y las pérdidas 
Distinctions and Disappearances  

Luis Fernández-Galiano

Memories and Mutations

It was to be a year of commemorations, but ended up as one of commotions. Hurricane Mitch in Central America and economic catastrophe in Russia mark the dramatic profile of a year that had its comedy of manners in the White House and a summer jolt in the stock exchange roller coaster, while the sentence of British lords against Pinochet raised hopes for globalized justice in a world that has begun to cauterize open wounds in Palestine, Ireland and the Basque Country. Nevertheless, neither meteorological nor political turbulences prevented architects, poets, regenerationists and revisionists from celebrating the centenaries of Alvar Aalto, García Lorca, ‘98 and Philip II. The carrousel of festivities began in Stockholm, incumbent cultural capital, with Rafael Moneo’s museum. It continued at the Lisbon Expo with the pavilion designed by Álvaro Siza, who also capped Japan’s Praemium Imperiale on the year of Portuguese literature’s first Nobel, José Saramago. There was a moment of multicultural media fervor in Paris on account of the World Cup, staged in the stadium built by MRZC. And the party culminated in a Berlin that reinvents itself to assume German and European leadership. If the architectural year were to be summed up in a telegram, each season would start with a capital letter: winter would belong to Aalto; spring and summer, to Renzo Piano and Peter Zumthor, winners of the two most coveted awards, the Pritzker and the Carlsberg; and autumn to a red-green Berlin that struggles with the burden of memory. 

A Nordic Winter
Winter nights whitened in remembrance of the great Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, the centenary of whose birth was celebrated in February through a major exhibition at New York’s MoMA. But winter also witnessed the opening of two new art institutions in Scandinavian capitals: the Museum of Modern Art and Architecture in Stockholm, a work of the Spanish Rafael Moneo on Skeppsholmen Island whose pyramidal skylights emblematized the city’s turn as European culture capital; and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Helsinki, built by the American Steven Holl beside the Finnish master’s Finlandia Hall, and whose warped shapes invited both praise and controversy.
The Spring of Technology
The awarding of the Pritzker Prize to the Genoese Renzo Piano in the month of April was an acknowledgment of technological imagination on the part of a prestigious foundation that had always given preference to more explicitly artistic or intellectual careers. In the course of the year the Italian architect also completed France’s last presidential grand projet, the Kanak cultural center in New Caledonia, demonstrating the same vitality that characterizes those colleagues of his who share an engineering-oriented passion for the large scale: the French Jean Nouvel, who returned to the foreground of architectural debate with a monumental convention center on the banks of Lake Lucerne; the British Norman Foster, who finished the colossal airport of Chek-Lap-Kok in Hong Kong; and the Valencian Santiago Calatrava, who terminated the sculptural Orient Station close to Lisbon’s Expo. Foster and Calatrava, incidentally, have often crossed paths, and this year it was in the hometown of the latter, where the first has carried out a congress center and the second continues the construction of the spectacular City of Sciences.
Summer in the Alps
The Swiss Peter Zumthor received the Carlsberg Prize early in September, and the significant amount accompanying this generous distinction served to popularize a cult architect who practices his craft in a remote Alpine valley with artisan refinement and musical elegance. The author of the Thermal Baths of Vals and the Kunsthaus of Bregenz is but the most veteran of an entire Helvetian generation that has made of matter its artistic religion, and whose most cosmopolitan representatives are the Basel-based Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. Previously victors in the competition for London’s new Tate Gallery and finalists for the extension of New York’s Museum of Modern Art, the partners have now won their first Spanish commission, the refurbishing of the port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The year also saw the completion of their first American work, an extraordinary prism of basaltic stones in steel baskets containing a winery in California’s Napa Valley.
Autumn in Berlin
The closing season of the year began with German elections, which as usual were a plebiscite on both the future and the past, two tenses which overlap in Berlin’s troubled present. What prevailed was the social democrat option, which, in tune with other European ‘third ways’, prefer administration to remembrance, shirking the mortgage of ominous memories that end up being little more than theme parks of the Holocaust. Thus the capital of Germany continues to rise up, without respite or prejudices, and the termination of Piano’s brick tower or Moneo’s hotel and offices on Potsdamer Platz are minor anecdotes in a horizon that bristles with cranes and which only takes on a symbolic dimension in the Reichstag, where Foster has already laid the glass dome over the hall where the newly elected parliament is to convene.

Meanwhile, European architects remain fascinated by Dutch hypermodernity, a panorama of fertile innovations that contrasts with America’s commercial routine and Asia’s impasse. As a laboratory for experiments addressing density and congestion, however, it is of little relevance in geographical zones such as Latin America and the Islamic world, whose peculiar features were presented this year on Spanish territory through events like the Biennial of Ibero-American Architecture, held in Madrid, and the Aga Khan Awards, which were bestowed in Granada’s Alhambra. Halfway between these architectural landscapes, Spain has followed its course at cruising speed, randomly amalgamating the cosmopolitan and the traditional in a panorama that juxtaposes Enric Miralles’ brilliant triumph in the competition for the new Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh with Rafael Moneo’s eventual preponderance in the third round of the Prado Museum contest, and that it is as ready to accept Madrid’s futuristic project for underground highways, as Barcelona’s fervent campaign for the beatification of Antoni Gaudí. We will have to commend ourselves to the Catalan architect when he joins the ranks of saints.

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